We all know well about the climate change that is happening nowadays. However, it is very complicated to find all the real reasons for such a phenomenon. Last 200 years the scientists have been exploring the climate situation on Earth. Analyzing weather data, the experts have different thoughts about the climate change. Thus, during the period of the end of XX century and the beginning of the XXI century, the opinions of scientists are divided into two groups. First ones state that the humankind should expect the global warming and the second ones are convinced that the global cooling will come.
Now, we want to explore the second hypothesis. Can the phenomenon of the global cooling be real? This hypothesis has support in the scientific community. The experts tell about so-called Little Ice Age (LIA), a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period from XIV until the XIX century. Let us explore what happened with the climate and weather in the past.
Thus, Little Ice Age has 3 phases:
I phase spans XIV-XV centuries. During that time Gulfstream slackened, summers became rainy and winters very cold.
From the 1370s, the temperature began to increase. The relative warming established in the 1440s, namely in 70 years.
It was very cold in the eastern areas of Northern America. The Middle West became a region of the dust storms. By the way, dust storms and smoke of the fires are the factors that prevent the solar yield.
The glaciers handcuffed Greenland more and more.
II phase spans XVI century. The solar activity became more active. It was recorded the increase of the average temperature. Then on 19 February 1600, the volcano Huaynaputina located in Peru erupted. As a result, the dust clouds slackened the inflow of the solar yield to Earth.
III phase spans XVII – the beginning of XIX century. This is the coldest period of the Little Ice Age.
The global temperature decreased to 1-2°C, especially in Europe. There were two waves of cooling: winter (1664—1665) in France and Germany when even birds became frozen in the air. The second one took place in the 1740s, namely in 75 years.
During that time, many water bodies were frozen: Bosphorus between Europe and Asia, River Thames in Great Britain, the Danube that flows across the whole Europe, The Seine in France, Adriatic Sea and many rivers in Russia.
There are also other examples of the cooling in the world. In 2010, the lowest temperature -61,5°C was recorded in the Sakha Republic. This was the lowest temperature in the whole Northern Hemisphere. In January 2014 and 2015, Niagara Falls and Hudson River were frozen.
Nowadays, the experts predict the beginning of the Global Cooling in 2030.
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